Breeding the Cardiganshire type.
dog which has had the greatest influence on this breed to date is
undoubtedly Bob Llwydd. That this dog’s virtues as sire may be
equalled by some of the modern stars, notably Geler Finley and Bussleton
Bill, is likely, but his record will certainly be difficult to surpass.
The standard of point was originally drawn up with Bob Llwyd as a model.
He was red and white, of very good proportions, and his coat, and tail
all combined to give him the desirable foxy appearance. He was
represented the ideal of the Cardigan breeders many years ago, and his
type is still considered a model to-day, so it is fortunate that he left
several excellent descendants to carry on his line.
Llwyd died at the age of 18, which fact alone gives him the right to
fame. This is certainly a longevity record for his breed, and as far as
one knows., is a record for either type.
of his best sons was CH. Golden Arrow, a very big winner which died
before being bred from largely. The two litter brothers, CH Brenig
Brilliant and Y Brython, are his best-known sons from a stud point of
view. Both these dogs have been used a great deal, and directly or
indirectly, are responsible for a generous proportion of present day
winners. Brython was a black and white dog, while Brilliant was red,
with white markings.
of Brilliant´s best daughters was CH Kicva, a light red bitch already
making a name for herself as a dam. One of her daughters, Peggy Ty
Clottas, was a Challenge Certificate winner before being exported to the
U.S.A. Another of her sons, and probably her best production to date,
was Hen Bont Gar, a young dog which won two Challenge Certificates
before an early demise that was much to be regretted. He was one of the
best young dogs to be produced in recent years, and those who were
hypercritical were only able to find fault with his front, which was
rather straight. He was very low to ground and well put together.
breed owes Y Brython a debt which it would be hard to repay, for his
gift to the breed of Ch
Geler Caressa, and her litter brother, Ch Geler Coynant. Coynant sired
Geler Cledwyn, and these three magnificent Blue Merles are undoubtedly
the best of their colour ever seen. Coynant himself was unshown owing to
an injury, but much resembled his distinguished sister. Another Brython
Daugther was Titch Fach, a well-known winner in good company.
of the earlier Cardigan Champions, Nell of Twyn, bred a dog named
Toriad-y-wawr, a name found in many pedigrees and usually associated
with Cardigans of quality. Toriad-y-wawr sired Drudwyn, which in turn
produced Ch. Glantowy, a most consistent winner and a very good dog. He
died before he was able to make much impression as a sire.
o´r Byrn was another sire of merit, and among his many winners, he
produced Olwen, winner of two Challenge Certificates. She died before
she won her third, so never gained the title she so richly deserved. She
left behind her a fin daughter in Olwena, also a Certificate winner.
Both Olwen and her daughter were attractive brindles in colour.
old bitch Cassie was a wonderful brood, and one can hardly glance at a
pedigree to-day which does not bear her name as an ancestress. She left
her mark on the breed here before she went to America, where she
produced some of the best stock bred there to date. She was herself of
no particular beauty, but some of her stock have been quite outstanding.
breeding Cardigan Corgis at the present time, where do the chief
pitfalls lie? The most serious defect are those attributable to the
introduction in the past of Pembrokeshire blood. One can find Cardigans
with straight fronts, short bodies, and small ears. Also with long legs
and soft coats, all very objectionable features.
the crossing of the two types of Corgi is no longer permitted, and the
progeny of a Pembroke and a Cardigan would now be considered cross-breds,
they were often bred together in the past. Thus from time to time there
are throw-backs to a Pembroke ancestor, and only careful selection can
keep the true Cardigan type.
few year ago, the breed was much criticised for its hind action, and cow
hocks were far too common, but soundness in general has much improved,
though fronts are still rather erratic. The typical, slightly-bowed
formation of the front legs which is one of the chief attractions of the
breed, besides being one of its characteristics, are too often spoiled
by loose elbows or turned out or splayed feet, all details which detract
from the dog’s movement and general appearance.
are still far too gaily carried. The lovely Cardigan brush must be set
on level with the back. If the croup is short and tail set high. It will
be curled and carried high. It is correctly carried low, in a graceful
sweep, though it may be raised slightly when the dog is excited or
often find difficulty in distinguishing a crooked and a bowed front. A
correct front is bowed rather in the same manner as the legs of a human
being are when they are dubbed “bandy.” Knock-knees, or legs twisted
or turned out like a rather bad “dachshund front.” Are faulty.
Cardigan Corgi, being bigger and heavier than the Pembroke type, has
more weight to carry on his very short legs, and that is one reason why
it is so important to insist on soundness in breeding. The careful
selection of stock, fresh air, and good food all do much to make a puppy
grow up sound on its legs. A youngster confined in a small kennel or
run, kept on a chain, fed on a superfluity of starchy foods, or allowed
to get too fat, is likely to develop loose elbows and cow hocks, even if
rickets and kindred complaints are escaped.
feet are at all splayed, much can be done by exercising on hard stony
roads. A rough, loose surface is better than hard asphalt, since the
small sharp stones get between a dog’s pads, and he instinctively
closes his toes together when walking. The nails should not need
attention if the dog is properly exercised, but if they do get long they
should be clipped lest the shape of the feet gets spoilt.
a breed offering such a wide and attractive range of colours as the
Cardigan, it is difficult to avoid personal fads, but colour should play
no part in the production of a working breed. The various shades are so
beautiful, that most people have a preference for
one or the other, but a dog of correct type, soundly constructed and of
good character, is more important than another of more flashy colouring,
perhaps, but fewer general virtues.
the tendency has been to encourage the breeding of reds: a great pity
since many contend that the other colours are more authentic, and indeed
since the majority of Pembrokes are either red or sable, the brindle and
blue merle Cardigans, just as charming in their own way, help to
emphasise the differences between the two breeds. The original pillars
of the breed all varied in colour, and a number of old Cardigan breeders
believe that the red shade was only introduced through crosses with
both types have much in common, the aim should be to produce a dog that
is at once like, and unlike the Pembroke Corgi. The typical Cardigan
must be much larger, stronger, heavier, with a wider head, bigger ears
placed more to the side of the head, and, of course, a bowed front. The
coat should be as dense, but shorter and harsher, and heavy bone which
might be termed coarseness in a Pembrokeshire dog would be admired in a
Cardigan. All light, weedy, small, or leggy specimens should be
discarded, and only the right type of dog and bitch used for breeding.
Timid specimens are not to be encouraged, and those with the bold
sensible temperament should have preference. Avoid the short-backed,
untypical dogs, aiming for the long thick balanced body, an essential
point in a Cardigan. It must not be said that the Cardigan Corgi has
become a toy. He is a rugged, working Welshman, and as such he must be